WASH Organizations with Independent Evaluations

Below is a list of water, sanitation & hygiene (WASH) organizations with independent evaluations (out of nearly 1300 WASH organizations around the world that we have identified to date). We understand this list is not complete or comprehensive. Rather it is a list of evaluations (some of which might not be fully independent) that we assembled using the tools that a regular donor would have, such as web searches or word of mouth. We hope you can learn from them!

Has your organization had an independent evaluation? Have you done an independent evaluation of a WASH program? Please send an email or include the link in the comments section below.

Organization Evaluation  Date
Action Against Hunger Dutch Water and Sanitation Programme in Bong County 2004-2005. External Evaluation of the Social Approach of the Water and Sanitation Programme 2005
Aga Khan Development Network The Aga Khan Rural Support Program in Pakistan: Is it Succeeding? Is it Replicable? Unknown
Aga Khan Development Network Social Norms and Social Exclusion. Reaching the Poor: Programs of the Aga Khan Development Network 1999
American Red Cross / International Red Cross Mid-term Survey and Evaluation of American Red Cross Sponsored Community Reconstruction of Water and Sanitation: Honduras, Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Guatemala Central American Operations. 2001
American Red Cross / International Red Cross Evaluation of the Health Impact of the American Red Cross Sponsored Water and Sanitation Infrastructure Reconstruction Program in Communities Affected by Hurricane Mitch Honduras, Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Guatemala. 2002
American Red Cross / International Red Cross Evaluation of the Sustainability of Water and Sanitation Interventions in Central America after Hurricane Mitch February 12 – 27, 2006 2006
American Red Cross / International Red Cross Evaluation of the Sustainability of Water and Sanitation Interventions in Central America after Hurricane Mitch Second Sustainability Survey February 14–March 5, 2009 2009
American Red Cross / International Red Cross Factors affecting continued use of ceramic water purifiers distributed to tsunami-affected communities in Sri Lanka 2012
AMREF (African Medical and Research Foundation) Evaluation of the 2007 Water of Life Projects in Africa 2007
ARBAN (Association for Realization of Basic Needs) – Bangladesh Water Sanitation & Hygiene in Bangladeshi Slums: Evaluation of WaterAid Bangladesh Urban Programme. 2003
ASD (Assistance for Slum Dwellers) Water Sanitation & Hygiene in Bangladeshi Slums: Evaluation of WaterAid Bangladesh Urban Programme. 2003
Asian Development Bank Evaluation on Urban Services and Water Supply and Sanitation Sector in Viet Nam 2009
Asian Development Bank Economic Assessment of Sanitation Interventions in Cambodia 2012
Azafady Evaluation of Community-Led Total Sanitation in Vatambe and Emagnevy, Madagascar 2011
BAWPA (Bangladesh Agricultural Working Peoples’ Association) Water Sanitation & Hygiene in Bangladeshi Slums: Evaluation of WaterAid Bangladesh Urban Programme 2003
CAFOD (Catholic Agency for Overseas Development) Evaluation of the DEC-funded CAFOD Health and WASH Project in the DRC 2010
CARE Multiple external evaluations
CARE Project Evaluation Report: Potable Water and Sanitation for IDPs and local Population in Quipungo 2002
CARE Community Watershed Partnership: Kenya Water for Schools Project. Evaluation Report 2006
CARE CARE, Catholic Relief Services, Save the Children and World Vision Indonesia. Joint Evaluation of Their Responses to the Yogyakarta Earthquake 2007
CARE External Program Evaluation: Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Program in Ethiopia 2008
CARE Sustaining School Handwashing and Water Treatment: Lessons Learned and to be Learned 2008
CARE Final Pupil Assessment: Changing Children’s Knowledge, Attitudes, Behaviors, and Outcomes 2009
CARE End-User Preferences for and Performance of Competing POU Water Treatment Technologies among the Rural Poor of Kenya 2010
CARE Evaluation of ECOSAN Facilities in Chaisa Compound of Lusaka 2010
CARE Assessing the impact of a school-based water treatment, hygiene and sanitation programme on pupil absence in Nyanza Province, Kenya: a cluster-randomized trial 2011
CARE An Evaluation of the Financial Management of WASH Programs in SWASH+ Primary Schools 2012
CARE Water+Impact Report: Walking the Talk 2013
Caritas Guatemala Household Water Treatment and Handwashing in Guatemala (summary), 2007
Caritas Guatemala Evaluation of a pre-existing, 3-year household water treatment and handwashing intervention in Guatemala 2009
Catholic Relief Services (CRS) CARE, Catholic Relief Services, Save the Children and World Vision Indonesia. Joint Evaluation of Their Responses to the Yogyakarta Earthquake. 2007
Catholic Relief Services (CRS) Household Water Treatment and Handwashing in Guatemala (summary) 2007
Catholic Relief Services (CRS) External Program Evaluation: Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Program in Ethiopia 2008
Catholic Relief Services (CRS) Evaluation of a pre-existing, 3-year household water treatment and handwashing intervention in Guatemala 2009
Catholic Relief Services (CRS) Rapid Assessment of CRS Experience With Arborloos in East Africa 2010
Catholic Relief Services (CRS) An Evaluation of CRS Integrated Watershed Management Programs in Ethiopia 2010
Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Center for Global Health Evaluation of the Implementation of the Paris Declaration: United States Government 2011
COCEPRADIL (Honduras) WaterPartners International Community Water Systems Sustainability Evaluation Lempira, Honduras 2006
COCEPRADIL (Honduras) Organizational Evaluation of COCEPRADIL: Water & Sanitation Accountability Forum 2011
DSK (Dushtha Shashthya Kendra) Water Sanitation & Hygiene in Bangladeshi Slums: Evaluation of WaterAid Bangladesh Urban Programme 2003
ECOSORN project[1] Economic Assessment of Sanitation Interventions in Cambodia 2012
El Porvenir Henkel Evaluation of El Porvenir 2012
El Porvenir Evaluation and Monitoring Surveys, El Sauce 2013
Engineers without Borders USA EWB-USA Sample Evaluation of Completed Projects in Guatemala 2013
Food for the Hungry (FHI) External Program Evaluation: Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Program in Ethiopia 2008
FHI 360 Field Review of USAID’s Approaches to WASH in Madagascar: Success Factors & Lessons Learned 2012
Global Water Partnership Global Water Partnership Joint Donor External Evaluation. Final Report 2008
Gramalaya Evaluating the Sustainability and Impacts of Water, Sanitation & Hygiene Interventions 2009
Gramalaya The Sustainability and Impact of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Interventions in India (summary) 2009
Gramalaya Causal inference methods to study nonrandomized, preexisting development interventions 2010
Hagar International Independent Evaluation of the Biosand Water Filter in Rural Cambodia: Sustainability, Health Impact and Water Quality 2008
Hope 2020 External Program Evaluation: Water, Sanitation And Hygiene (WASH) Program in Ethiopia 2008
International Child Support Protecting Spring Water from Contamination in Kenya: Impacts on Health and Behavior 2006
International Child Support Spring Cleaning: Rural Water Impacts, Valuation, and Property Rights Institutions 2011
International Federation of Red Cross & Red Crescent Societies Multiple evaluations
International Federation of Red Cross & Red Crescent Societies External End of Project Evaluation of the Food Security Project Supported by the Japanese Government and Implemented by IFRC & ZRCS 2013
International Water and Sanitation Center (IRC) The External Evaluation Report commissioned by IRC on the West Nile WASH Accountability project 2010
Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) Measuring Results of the Mozambique Rural Water Supply Activity 2014
Millennium Water Alliance External Program Evaluation: Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Program in Ethiopia 2008
Millennium Water Alliance Collective Impact in Ethiopia 2004-2012: Independent Study of the Millennium Water Alliance WASH Program 2013
Mvula Trust External evaluation of the Mvula Trust 1996
Norwegian Church Aid (NCA) External Evaluation of the NCA WASH Programme in Darfur With Special Focus on IDP Camps in Zalingei 2010
Oxfam International Summary of the Independent Evaluation of the Oxfam International Aceh and Nias Tsunami and Earthquake Response. December 2004 – January 2006 2006
PACT Sudan Water for Recovery and Peace Programme PACT Sudan: External Evaluation 2008
Peace Corps Community Managed Rural Water Supply System in the Dominican Republic: Assessment of Sustainability of Systems Built by the National Institute of Potable Water and Peace Corps, Dominican Republic 2009
PHULKI Water Sanitation & Hygiene in Bangladeshi Slums: Evaluation of WaterAid Bangladesh Urban Programme 2003
Plan International Evaluation report of a potable water project in Luwero district (Uganda) [KEY FINDINGS] 2001
Plan International Economic Assessment of Sanitation Interventions in Cambodia 2012
Plan International ODF Sustainability Study 2013
PlayPumps International/ RoundAbout / PlayPumps International Africa An Evaluation of the PlayPump® Water System as an Appropriate Technology for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Programmes 2007
PlayPumps International/ RoundAbout / PlayPumps International Africa Mission Report on the Evaluation of the PlayPumps installed in Mozambique 2008
Polio Eradication Evaluation of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative: Report on the independent evaluation of the major barriers to interrupting Poliovirus transmission in Afghanistan 2009
Potters for Peace Investigation of the Potters for Peace Colloidal Silver Impregnated Ceramic Filter 2001
Potters for Peace Effectiveness and Sustainability of a Low-Cost Water Filter in Removing Pathogens during Long-term Use 2008
Proctor & Gamble Childrens Safe Drinking Water End-User Preferences for and Performance of Competing POU Water Treatment Technologies among the Rural Poor of Kenya 2010
PRODIPAN Water Sanitation & Hygiene in Bangladeshi Slums: Evaluation of WaterAid Bangladesh Urban Programme 2003
Project Concern International Solar Drinking Water Disinfection (SODIS) and Childhood Diarrhea in Bolivia (summary) 2006
Project Concern International Solar Drinking Water Disinfection (SODIS) to Reduce Childhood Diarrhoea in Rural Bolivia: A Cluster-Randomized, Controlled Trial 2009
PSTC (Population Services and Training Centre) Water Sanitation & Hygiene in Bangladeshi Slums: Evaluation of WaterAid Bangladesh Urban Programme 2003
Regional Centre for Endogenous Sustainable Development (CRADEC) Evaluation of the 2007 Water of Life Projects in Africa 2007
Rotary International Sustainability Index of WASH Activities Dominican Republic Country Report 2013
Rotary International Sustainability Index of WASH Activities Ghana Country Report 2013
Rotary International Sustainability Index of WASH Activities Philippines Country Report 2013
Save the Children CARE, Catholic Relief Services, Save the Children and World Vision Indonesia. Joint Evaluation of Their Responses to the Yogyakarta Earthquake 2007
Save the Children Effectiveness and Sustainability of a Low-Cost Water Filter in Removing Pathogens during Long-term Use 2008
Save the Children Mission Report on the Evaluation of the PlayPumps installed in Mozambique 2008
Save the Children Save the Children Alliance, Tsunami Response Programme in Indonesia, India, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Somalia Mid-Term Evaluation Report 2008
Society for Family Health (PSI affiliate) SAFE WATER SYSTEMS: An Evaluation of the Zambia CLORIN Program FINAL REPORT 2004
UN-Habitat External Evaluation of UN-HABITAT’s Water and Sanitation Trust Fund. PART 1: Synthesis Report 2011
UNICEF Multiple WASH evaluations
UNICEF UNICEF’s Programme for Water and Sanitation in Central America 1996
UNICEF Report of the Evaluation of the Government of Rwanda – UNICEF Water and Environmental Sanitation Programme 2001
UNICEF Evaluation of the Strategic Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion for Schools. Pilot Projects Nkhata Bay and Kasungu Districts. 2004
UNICEF Mission Report on the Evaluation of the PlayPumps installed in Mozambique 2008
UNICEF & Government of Mozambique Preliminary Documentation and Evaluation of the Sanitation Component of the “One Million Initiative” in Mozambique 2009
UNICEF Impact evaluation of drinking water supply and sanitation interventions in rural Mozambique 2011
UNICEF Investigation of I-WASH’s Community-led Total Sanitation and Alternative Decentralized Sanitation Models in Rural Ghana 2012
UNICEF Evaluation of the WASH Sector Strategy “Community Approaches to Total Sanitation” (CATS) 2014
UNICEF & Government of Mozambique Sustainability check: five-year annual sustainability audits of the water supply and open defecation free status in the ‘One Million Initiative’, Mozambique 2014
United Nations Development Group Iraq Trust Fund Independent Evaluation of ITF Project E3-12b: Rehabilitation of Takia Water Distribution System 2010
Ushahidi Haiti Independent Evaluation of the Ushahidi Haiti Project 2011
Vestergaard-Frandsen (LifeStraw) Randomized controlled trial in rural Ethiopia to assess a portable water treatment device 2009
Water & Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP) Evaluation the health impact of urban WASH Programmes: an affordable approach for enhancing effectiveness 2011
Water Action External Program Evaluation: Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Program in Ethiopia 2008
Water.org Impact Evaluation of Urban and Rural Water and Sanitation Projects, Bangladesh 2008
Water.org The Sustainability and Impact of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Interventions in India 2009
WaterAid Water Sanitation & Hygiene in Bangladeshi Slums: Evaluation of WaterAid Bangladesh Urban Programme 2003
WaterAid Evaluation of the 2007 Water of Life Projects in Africa 2007
WaterAid Sustainability and equity aspects of total sanitation programmes: A study of recent WaterAid-supported programmes in three countries. Global synthesis report 2009
WaterAid Madagascar WASH Sector Sustainability Check 2014
World Bank / Water & Sanitation Programme (WSP) Multiple evaluations by Independent Evaluation Group
World Bank / Water & Sanitation Programme (WSP) An Evaluation of World Bank Support, 1997-2007, Volume 1 2007
World Bank / Water & Sanitation Programme (WSP) & Government of Tanzania Promoting Handwashing and Sanitation

Evidence from a Large-Scale Randomized Trial in Rural Tanzania

2015
World Vision External evaluation of World Vision International’s Ghana Rural Water Supply Project 1993
World Vision CARE, Catholic Relief Services, Save the Children and World Vision Indonesia Joint Evaluation of Their Responses to the Yogyakarta Earthquake 2007
World Vision Final external evaluation of World Vision’s 2009/2010 water projects in Ghana, Mali and Niger 2011
World Vision Economic Assessment of Sanitation Interventions in Cambodia 2012
World Vision The GoBifo Project Evaluation Report: Assessing the Impacts of Community-Driven Development in Sierra Leone 2013

[1] Multiple implementing partners on the ECOSORN project included ABU Consult Berlin GmbH, Agriculture Development Denmark Asia, CADTIS-Consultant, Cambodian Mine Action Center, National Sdk Center, Cooperation for a Sustainable Cambodian Society, Diamond Construction and Import Export Co. Ltd., East-West Management Institute, Inc., Gender Development for Cambodia, HCH, Vakakas International S.A., ICON-INSTITUT Public Sector Gmbh, KBH Construction, Ministry of Land Management Urban Planning and Construction, Thy Loo Construction Group Co. Ltd., Kuoy Vuoch Construction Co. Ltd, Village Focus International, Morison Kak & Associés

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